Yulian | Papuan Observer
Since 2001 Papua of Indonesia has been designated a Special Autonomy (Otsus) region with the enactment of Law (UU) Number 21 of 2001 concerning Special Autonomy for Papua and Law no. 35 of 2008 concerning Special Autonomy for West Papua. The Central Government through this Otsus policy has given authority to Papua in several areas as stipulated in the Special Autonomy Law. Currently, Otsus Papua is nearing the end of its implementation in 2021 so it is necessary to get input on its implementation so far and what next.
The Special Autonomy Law was issued as a special policy to reduce the gap between the Papua region and other provinces, as an effort to improve the standard of living of the Papuans, and to provide opportunities for indigenous Papuans, who are based on basic values which include protection and respect for ethics and morals. the basic rights of indigenous people, human rights, the rule of law, democracy, pluralism, equality, rights, and obligations as citizens.
Approaching the end of the implementation of the Otsus, various groups in the Papua region consider that Otsus of Papua has not had a significant impact on the welfare of the Papuan people. The government’s affirmative action policy has not been proven to improve the condition of the Papuan socio-economic welfare.
However, the “failure” label of the implementation of Special Autonomy for Papua Volume I is not entirely the fault of the Central Government because the Provincial and Regency/City Governments in the Papua region have contributed to the implementation of Otsus Papua as well.
Therefore, as a regional development management policy that is in the initial process, it is better if the implementation of Otsus Papua Volume I with arguments for weaknesses, shortcomings, failure of the implementation of Otsus that has been conveyed by regional leaders, academics, heads of indigenous groups, religions including Papuan indigenous people themselves. With these arguments, the implementation of the Papua Special Autonomy precisely needs to be continued with the sustainability of the policy on the implementation of Otsus Papua Volume II.
The Special Autonomy Law was issued as a special policy to reduce the gap between the Papua region and other provinces
This is because the gaps in the implementation of Otsus Papua have been identified jointly by all components of Papuan regional development so that the central government and local governments supported by Papuan indigenous groups and universities will be easier when implementing Otsus Volume II later, which of course remains in the frame. The Unitary Republic of Indonesia.