Achmad F. | Social and Political Observer
Papua Ab Initio belongs to Indonesia. Pepera is the history of the integration of Papua into the Republic of Indonesia. The group that does not understand this history only provokes by promising Papua independence (Tokoh Papua, Laksamana Madya Freddy Numberi).
Papuan separatist groups, including the armed separatist criminal group (KKSB) in Papua, like the OPM, should evaluate themselves. Their efforts to provoke the Papuan people and the international community to separate Papua from the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI) will definitely not succeed. The Papuan people and the international community will not be consumed by their classic provocations.
OPM must understand that Papua is an integral part of the Republic of Indonesia. The principle of international law, namely “Uti Possidites Juris” defines the territorial boundaries of a sovereign state after colonialism following the colony boundaries of the colonial state.
With this principle, Papua as an area colonized by the Dutch would automatically become part of the Republic of Indonesia. Professor of International Law at the University of Indonesia (UI), Prof. Hikmahanto Juwana, emphasized that the principle of “Uti Possidites Juris” is still valid.
Historically, the fact that Papuan law was an integral part of the Republic of Indonesia began with the New York agreement. This agreement stated that the United Nations Temporary Executive Authority (UNTEA) took administrative authority from the Netherlands in Papua on May 1, 1963. In addition, the New York Agreement required Indonesia to carry out self-determination of the fate of the people of Irian Jaya through the Determination of People’s Opinions (Pepera) or the Act of Free Choice in 1969.
The Pepera when it was carried out with a system of representation. Meanwhile, the number of people predicted to have voting rights is around 700 thousand. The results of the Pepera stated that the Papuan people agreed to join the Republic of Indonesia to the Secretary General of the United Nations. The UN General Assembly then issued Resolution 2504 regarding the results of the Papua Act. This resolution was proposed by six countries and accepted by the UN General Assembly with 84 votes, none against, and 30 abstentions.
Prof. Hikmahanto emphasized that the results of the Pepera have been accepted by the international community. Until now, in the perspective of international law there is no precedent to cancel the UN General Assembly resolution being canceled. Even in the UN Charter or the Statute of the International Court of Justice, there is no mechanism governing the examination of legal products issued by organs within the United Nations, including General Assembly resolutions. Thus, Papua is legally part of the Republic of Indonesia and expressly, this provision cannot be doubted.
Basically, the Papuan people have accepted the results of the Pepera. Young Papuan Leader, Yanto Eluay emphasized that there is no gap for a few people or groups to bring up or call Papua not part of the Republic of Indonesia.
Yanto, who is the son of the late 1969 Pepera figure, Dortheys Hiyo Eluay, said that the Pepera was held in eight districts namely Jayawijaya, Merauke, Paniai, Fakfak, Sorong, Manokwari, Biak and Jayapura which was attended by 1026 members of the Pepera Deliberative Council (DMP).
The results of the Pepera were ratified at the general session of the United Nations (UN). He reminded the Dutch, which at that time the colonial state had received the results of the Pepera. Due to this fact, Yanto felt obliged to reduce any efforts that would disperse the Papuan people.
Previously, Papuan figure Abisai Rollo stated that “NKRI Harga Mati” or Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, is a fix price. Abisai openly admits that he does not know the figure of the Chairman of the United Liberation Movement for Papua, Benny Wenda. He said Benny Wenda was a foreign citizen.
Therefore, Benny is considered not to have the right to regulate the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI) and the Land of Papua. He also stated that there is no other flag in Papua besides the Red and White flag. The Red and White flag was raised from the coast to the mountainous region on Papua Land.
Tidak ada bendera lain di Papua selain bendera Merah Putih.(Papuan figure Abisai Rollo)
Another Papuan figure, Vice Admiral Freddy Numberi, emphasized that Papua Ab Initio belongs to Indonesia. Pepera is the history of the integration of Papua into the Republic of Indonesia. The group that does not understand this history only provokes by promising Papua independence.
Freddy reminded that so far, the Indonesian government had done a lot of development for the progress of Papua. Indonesia has also given “privileges” to Papua as a Special Autonomous region in accordance with Law Number 21 of 2001. Feddy hopes that under the leadership of President Jokowi – Ma’ruf Amin, a Road Map to resolve problems in Papua is permanent and complete as a legacy for the land of Papua. ()