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The Extension of Special Autonomy for the Sustainable Progress of the Papuan People, by Terry R.


Terry R. | Papuan Observer

Since 2014 until now, the policies of the central government under the leadership of President Joko Widodo have never stopped to carry out development in Papua. Sustainability of Otsus Papua is one of the policies of the central government as a form of embodiment of siding with the Papuan people. The goal is to provide solutions for the sustainability of accelerated development and prosperity in Papua.

“Otsus Papua was born out of the Papuan people’s dissatisfaction with the civil, political, economic, social and cultural situation in Papua.”

The reform era also had an influence on Indonesia’s policies in Papua. The government also established Osus. Through this policy, the state gives the Papuan people the widest possible freedom to regulate themselves, but still within the framework of the Republic of Indonesia.

The Head of Sub-Directorate for Handling the Acceleration of Papuan Development at the Ministry of Home Affairs, Edward Semuel Renmaur, said that in terms of budgeting, the Papuan Regional Government and the Central Government have been very transparent in the use of the Special Autonomy funds. So if people say that Otsus is not felt, it can be seen from various perspectives. The government has done a good job.

The Papuan people must not turn a blind eye to the various development achievements through Otsus. Through Otsus, infrastructure development has progressed very rapidly, public health centers have been reorganized, the people’s economy has grown as the needs of local consumers and producers are accommodated.

Towards the end of the disbursement of the Papua Special Autonomy funds in November 2021, the government agreed to continue the distribution of Otsus funds and increase the special allocation ceiling to 2.25% of the national General Allocation Fund (DAU). This Volume II Special Autonomy Fund can be used as a momentum to give Papua a new policy that comes from the will and participation of the Papuan people, so that a door for better relations between the Central Government and the Papuan people will be created.

The new policies that are designed should be evaluative in nature, with a priority base on improving welfare and public services, focusing on accelerating development, taking into account demography, socio-economics, customs, culture, and politico-security, with good governance.

Learning from the implementation of Otsus over the past 20 years, the Special Autonomy Fund Volume II must be able to cover weaknesses and achieve its true goals, namely the welfare of the Papuan people and catching up with gaps or backwardness. Therefore, there is a need for better governance and accountability as well as stricter regulations.

Indications of misappropriation of the Papua Special Autonomy Fund Volume II must be traced as early as possible to ensure that the allocation of the Papua Special Autonomy Fund Volume II is on target and is not distributed to the Separatist Terrorist Group (KST) which has been troubling the Papuan people.

Therefore, there is a need for commitment and synergy from every institution, whether executive, legislative, and judicial, as well as the community, in supporting and guarding the Otusus Volume II fund in order to achieve the goals that the Indonesian people aspire to. So with Otsus volume II, it is hoped that in the future the sustainability of development and welfare in Papua will be maximized and better.


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