Home Politics Two Points of Solution for Conflict Resolution in Papua, by Rachel K.

Two Points of Solution for Conflict Resolution in Papua, by Rachel K.

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Rachel K. | Papuan Observer

The Papuan Observer, Prof. Imron Cotan, mentioned two points of solution for resolving conflicts in the Papua region. The two points are a soft approach or a soft approach and a hard approach or a difficult approach.

The soft approach in question is to apply all provisions in the law. Especially regarding the settlement of alleged violations of Human Rights (HAM) that may be committed by both parties.

“This gentle approach is constructive with dialogue involving indigenous Papuans, the approach can involve all leaders from the seven traditional territories”

Based on the records of the UGM Papua Task Force from 2020 to April 2021, there are allegations of violent acts carried out by the Papuan Separatist and Terrorist Group (KSTP) as many as 188 cases, residents 65 cases, unknown people 14 cases, TNI 19 cases, and Polri 13 cases. TNI and Polri are still suspected. It is concluded that KSTP has committed more acts of violence so far.

In addition, he explained that the hard approach solution could be carried out by launching judicial operations to stop corrupt actions, especially those that benefit KSTP. Second, to launch a massive and measured military operation to prevent security disturbances from the military wing of the KSTP, by reducing the amount of collateral as small as possible.

Third, following up on the determination of OPM as a terrorist organization by proposing its inclusion in the terrorism list at regional (ASEAN and global) levels. Fourth, determine in detail the coordination of Indonesian territorial boundaries and include them in the 1945 Constitution by using the ancient map of the Dutch colonial government as the main reference.

Furthermore, Law (UU) Number 43/2008 concerning State Territory other than its position is lower than the constitution. It also still provides room for negotiations (bilateral and trilateral, Article 6 Paragraph 2), thus creating uncertainty.

Entered or not into the constitution, territorial boundary disputes, will continue. Negotiations can be left to diplomatic channels, but the certainty of territorial boundaries has been declared in the constitution, in accordance with the 1933 Montevideo Convention (the China case).

Entered or not into the constitution, territorial boundary disputes, will continue. Negotiations can be left to diplomatic channels, but the certainty of territorial boundaries has been declared in the constitution, in accordance with the 1933 Montevideo Convention (the China case).

Second, amending Law no. 21/2001 on Special Autonomy (Otsus) for Papua by increasing the percentage of the Central General Allocation Fund (DAU) from 2 percent to 2.25 percent.

Third, approve the division of the province in Papua in accordance with the existing customary territory. The DPR RI has ratified the amendment to the Papua Special Autonomy Law on Thursday, July 15, 2021.

Fourth, the welfare approach in resolving conflicts in Papua needs to be strengthened by the presence of Polri and TNI personnel, especially in active KSTP pockets. In order to maintain security and public order, so that the results of development are felt by the community down to the grassroots.

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