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Benefits of the Special Autonomy Fund in Expanding Budget Space for Papuan Welfare Development, by Decky K

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Decky K | Papuan Observer

Law Number 2 of 2021 brings fresh air for changes in the management of the Special Autonomy Fund (Otsus) for the better. The Law on the Second Amendment to Law Number 21 of 2001 concerning Special Autonomy for the Province of Papua is also a sharpener in the management of the Special Autonomy Fund for Papua and West Papua.

The Main Expert Staff of Deputy V of the Presidential Staff Office (KSP) Theofransus Litaay explained, there were several improvements made by the government through Law Number 2 of 2021. Starting from an increase in the allocation of the Special Autonomy Fund, a clearer focus for use, and a stronger monitoring mechanism with clearer institutions.

“The arrangement shows clearer details and provides wider budget space for the development of people’s welfare in Papua”

Theofransus said that special revenues for the implementation of the Special Autonomy Fund increased to 2.25% of the national General Allocation Fund ceiling. This amount consists of general revenues equivalent to 1% of the national General Allocation Fund ceiling and revenues that have been determined for use based on implementation performance of 1.25%.

In detail, funds from general revenues equal to 1% are allocated for the development, maintenance, and implementation of public services; improving the welfare of Papuan Indigenous People and strengthening traditional institutions; and other matters based on regional needs and priorities in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations. “So there is a stronger focus that can be felt by the community in various sectors and levels of development, including indigenous peoples,” added Theofransus.

Meanwhile, the Special Autonomy Fund is based on revenues that have been determined to be used based on implementation performance of 1.25%, which is intended for funding for education, health and community economic empowerment, with a minimum amount of: 30% for education spending and 20% for health spending.

In addition, said Theofransus, the Papua Special Autonomy Fund is intended for all provinces and districts/cities in the Papua region for 20 years, valid until 2041.

As for further provisions regarding the management, guidance, and supervision, as well as the master plan for acceptance in the context of implementing Otsus, it is regulated by a Government Regulation. Currently, the government through the Ministry of Home Affairs has started inter-ministerial discussions in order to prepare a Draft Government Regulation (RPP) on two things, namely: the RPP on the Papua Autonomy Institution and the RPP on the Papuan Autonomy Regional Finance.

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