Leris P. | Papuan Student
Article 68A, Law 21/2001 junto Law No. 2/2021 on Special Autonomy for Papua, mandates the establishment of a special agency in the context of implementing special autonomy (otsus). This agency is tasked with synchronizing, harmonizing, evaluating, reporting, and coordinating the integrated implementation of special autonomy and development in the Papua region.
The agency is chaired by the vice president and its members are the minister of home affairs, the minister of national development planning/head of Bappenas, and the minister of finance, plus one representative from each province in the Papua region. To support the implementation of the task, a secretariat was formed with an office in Papua. In accordance with PP 106/2021 which is the elaboration of Article 68A of Law 2/2021, the agency in question is named the Steering Committee for the Acceleration of Special Autonomy Development for Papua (BP3OKP).
The reasons behind the existence of BP3OKP are, firstly, empirical experience shows that for twenty years (2001-2021) there is no single institution under the President whose role is to direct, monitor, and evaluate every special autonomy program as well as special autonomy funds and other development funds, such as DAK, DAU, DBH, Additional Infrastructure Funds, and Sectoral Funds, to be more focused on special autonomy programs.
Second, according to President Jokowi, to eliminate the existence of Papuan desks that have been in ministries and institutions, along with their programs and funds, so that they can be concentrated on supporting the special autonomy development program. This effort at the same time minimizes the sectoral egos of ministries and agencies in the field which often overlap in the implementation of development programs in Papua, and they often throw responsibilities at each other.
Third, this agency has a role in mitigating development problems in Papua whether it is in accordance with the mandate of the Special Autonomy Law and its implementing regulations including the master plan that is being worked on by Bappenas with the Papua and West Papua Provincial Governments. If the results of the mitigation deviate, it must be reported to the Steering Committee and continued to the President so that solutions are sought.
“This agency also has the duty and role as a bridge to mediate the interests of the center in the Papua region, and vice versa as a connector for the aspirations and interests of Papua to the central government.”
Due to the roles and functions it plays as moderator, catalyst, and mitigation, this agency cannot work without data (data on the number of indigenous Papuans, the need for teachers, boarding schools, the need for nurses, health centers, and maternal and child hospitals), and facts. in the field to suit the needs and interests of the community, especially indigenous Papuans as subjects and objects of special autonomy.
In principle, the existence of BP3OKP is an institutional breakthrough to direct and oversee the implementation of special autonomy, so that the handling of development can be carried out more comprehensively to address various problems in Papua, the target of which is OAP as citizens of the nation who have the right to prosperity and justice.