Home Economy Special Autonomy as an Effort to Optimize Development  in Papua, by Dennis...

Special Autonomy as an Effort to Optimize Development  in Papua, by Dennis Rumbiak


Dennis Rumbiak | Papuan Observer

Building Papua is indeed full of challenges, but that does not mean that development in Papua should be abandoned, because after all Papua is an inseparable part of the Republic of Indonesia. Until now, President Jokowi has optimally developed Papua as a concrete step in advancing the region.

Head of Bappenas Suharso Monoarfa said that his party had mapped out the fundamental challenges in Papua and West Papua in 2020-2024. This mapping is at least the basis for efforts to accelerate development in the two provinces.


According to Suharso, there are three challenges faced by the Provinces of Papua and West Papua. Namely, the challenges faced in the global context, namely the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets, environmental issues and international attention related to human rights issues. Meanwhile, in the national context, Papua is faced with the challenge of ending the Special Autonomy policy in 2022 and the need to integrate policies and programs of Ministries / Institutions for Papua and West Papua.

From a regional perspective, Papua is faced with a low level of poverty and the Human Development Index (HDI). The poverty rate in Papua is 26.55% and West Papua 21.51 or is the highest poverty rate in Indonesia. HDI in 2019 is 60.84 or the lowest in Indonesia, weak management of the implementation of special autonomy, economic disparities between regions in the coast and in the mountains in Papua, security issues in mountainous areas and demands for dialogue with Jakarta. In order for the development program to be more optimal, of course, a conducive political, legal and security situation is needed.


“The President has also issued Inpres Number 9 of 2020 concerning the Acceleration of Welfare Development in Papua and West Papua, which is the basis for the government’s commitment to solving the root problems experienced by the Papuan people”


Suharso conveyed that there were 4 approaches to support the implementation of the Presidential Instruction. First, using a welfare approach, namely by ensuring a policy of accelerating development based on seven customary areas and selecting priority activities as “windows” that are quick wins and integrated.

Second, the Political and Security Approach, namely strengthening the implementation of Law 21/2001 on Special Autonomy through the revision of the Special Autonomy Law, exploring and implementing the formation of new provinces. Religious policies that respect local wisdom and human rights in the spirit of the Republic of Indonesia.

Third, the Cultural Dialogue Approach, namely mapping the strategic social groups of Papua, carrying out cultural dialogue with strategic social groups, carrying out quick wins activities in the socio-cultural aspect that touch the needs of the Papuan social segment.

Fourth, the communication and diplomacy approach, namely strengthening a single narrative of Papuan development breakthroughs, building collaboration with various institutions, figures and young people as influencers, strengthening public diplomacy to the international community.

Development in Papua, especially in terms of infrastructure and human resources, continues for the advancement of this Cenderawasih Earth. One of the developments being optimized is the sea highway, in which the Ministry of Transportation cq the Directorate General of Sea Transportation is committed to continuing to optimize the Sea Toll program, especially in Papua. This is useful to reduce the price disparity that has been occurring for a long time in the easternmost region of Indonesia.


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